Section 1: Polarization Introduction

The polarization of light is one its fundamental properties and is important to understand for almost all aspects of working in optics. Light polarization affects the reflection and transmission of light across boundaries, how light is scattered, the passage of light through optically anisotropic media, etc. Using specific types of polarization is useful when mode-locking a laser, coupling to a fiber, and even when trying to make measurements on a compact setup. In this portion of the website, we will go through the basics of what it physically means when one has “polarized light”, how we can define it with equations, and useful tools to control your polarized light!

Table of Contents:

  1. Basics of Polarization
  2. Polarization of Monochromatic Plane Waves
  3. Complex-Number Representation
  4. Jones-Vector Representation

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